Heart Disease and Chronic Kidney Disease
If you have chronic
kidney disease, it is important for you to learn all you can about the
condition and its complications. By
acting early, you can prevent some of the long-term complications of chronic
kidney disease such as cardiovascular disease (heart disease). According to the Center of Disease Control
(CDC), cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the
What is cardiovascular disease?
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all diseases and conditions of the heart and blood vessels, such as arteries and veins. The most common diseases and conditions include heart attack, heart failure, stroke, blockages of blood vessels and vascular kidney disease.
What are the risk factors for cardiovascular disease?
Some of the risk factors are linked to lifestyle choices like diet and exercise. Other risk factors are common to everyone, including:
People with chronic kidney disease are 10-20 times more likely to have a heart attack. Cardiovascular disease remains the leading cause of death for people on dialysis and those who have a transplanted kidney. People at every stage of chronic kidney disease are at more risk of cardiovascular disease, although those in the later stages have the highest risk.
Why does kidney disease increase your risk?
The kidneys have many functions that play an important role in maintaining the bodies chemical balances. What are these functions and why are they important in relation to cardiovascular disease?
How can you reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease?
The best way to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease is to control and maintain a healthy blood pressure, cholesterol levels and good control of blood sugar if you are diabetic. If you have chronic kidney disease, this usually means using medication as well as having a healthy lifestyle. Identifying chronic kidney disease early and slowing its progression as well as reducing other risk factors is important in reducing your risk of cardiovascular disease.